Lake Garda, Italy’s largest lake (370 km2) is perhaps the most beautiful lake in all of Europe. Its waters are incredibly blue, the particular blue of mountain spring water. The transparency and intense blue of the water and the luxurious vegetation add to its natural beauty. Garda’s expansive mirror surface glimmers deep within two rocky coastlines, its deepest point reaching down over 340 meters. Its scenery differs from mountainous and jagged in the North to gently hilly in the South.
The climate is mild because the lake functions as a thermal regulator, a condition that encourages the various and luxuriant year round green vegetation found only in the privileged lands of the Mediterranean. The lake acts as a gigantic solar panel and the ring of mountains retains the heat. The cypresses, the laurels, the grape vines and the other many varieties of flowers and trees thrive and foster a healthy microclimate with an air rich with oxygen and balsamic essences. This land of the breath of the Mediterranean, as remembered by the poet Virgil, “fascinating and of ancient beauty”, has been praised by poets of every epoch as The Eden of Europe. There is an interesting history of Roman and Medieval occupation as well as prehistoric settlement. Scenic lake towns and elegant resort towns dot the coastal boundaries.